Teoría musical/Introducción a la notación y el solfeo/Aprendiendo la corchea

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Teoría musical/Introducción a la notación y el solfeo


La corchea es una figura musical. Su valor es de la mitad de una negra. Es decir, dos corcheas equivalen a una negra.

Antes de percutir la corchea, repasemos las dos formas en las que se puede escribir:

Forma Explicación
{
     \time 1/8
     \override Staff.Clef #'stencil = ##f
     \override Staff.TimeSignature #'stencil = ##f
     c'8
   }
Separadas, tienen una cabeza ovalada negra, una plica y un corchete.
{
     \time 1/4
     \override Staff.Clef #'stencil = ##f
     \override Staff.TimeSignature #'stencil = ##f
     c'8 c'
   }
Agrupadas, usando los corchetes para conectar dos o más corcheas.

¿Cómo se toca una corchea?[editar]

Ahora aprenderemos a percutir las corcheas con las palmas.

Una forma sencilla aprender a percutir las corcheas con las manos es contar el tiempo de la siguiente forma:

Ejemplo Explicación
\new DrumStaff {
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 3)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 2/4
  <<
    {s8^"1" s^"y" s^"2" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh8[ ssh] ssh[ ssh]}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
En compases de dos tiempos contamos: un - y - dos - y
\new DrumStaff {
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 3)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 3/4
  <<
    {s8^"1" s^"y" s^"2" s^"y" s^"3" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh8[ ssh] ssh[ ssh] ssh[ ssh]}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
En compases de tres tiempos contamos: un - y - dos - y - tres - y
\new DrumStaff {
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 3)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  <<
    {s8^"1" s^"y" s^"2" s^"y" s^"3" s^"y" s^"4" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh8[ ssh] ssh[ ssh] ssh[ ssh] ssh[ ssh]}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
En compases de cuatro tiempos contamos: un - y - dos - y - tres - y - cua - tri

Intenta percutir con las manos llevando la cuenta como se señaló anteriormente:

\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #2
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \override Score.RehearsalMark #'direction = #-1
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \textLengthOn
    \repeat unfold 4 {s8_"1 " s_"y " s_"2 " s_"y " s_"3 " s_"y " s_"4 " s_"y "}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh4 ssh ssh ssh ssh ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh8 ssh
                 ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh8[ ssh] ssh[ ssh] ssh[ ssh] ssh[ ssh]}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}

¿Aún te cuesta leer las corcheas?

Intentemos otra forma. Bajo la partitura hay un botón para reproducir. Escucha atentamente e intenta cantarla de esta forma:

  • La negra la cantarás como voy.
  • Las corcheas las cantarás como corro.

Así queda la partitura con el texto:

\new RhythmicStaff {
  \override Staff.BarLine #'bar-extent = #'(-1 . 1)
  \drummode {ssh4 ssh ssh ssh ssh ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh8 ssh
             ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh8[ ssh] ssh[ ssh] ssh[ ssh] ssh[ ssh]}
  \bar "|."
}
\addlyrics { voy voy voy voy
             voy co rro voy co rro
             co rro voy co rro voy
             co rro co rro co rro co rro }

Ejercicios:

Percutir con las manos:

\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 2/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 10 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh2 | ssh8 ssh ssh4 | ssh8 ssh ssh ssh | ssh4 ssh | ssh2 | ssh8 ssh r4 |
                 ssh4 ssh8 ssh | r4 ssh8 ssh | ssh2}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 2/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 10 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh8 ssh ssh ssh| ssh4 ssh | ssh8 ssh r4 | ssh4 ssh8 ssh | R2 | ssh8 ssh ssh4 |
                 r4 ssh8 ssh | ssh8 ssh ssh ssh | ssh2 | ssh4 ssh8 ssh}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 2/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 10 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh2 | ssh8 ssh ssh ssh | ssh8 ssh r4 | ssh4 ssh |
                 ssh8 ssh ssh4 | ssh2 | r4 ssh8 ssh | ssh8 ssh ssh4}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 3/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 8 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y" s8^"3" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh4 ssh8 ssh ssh4 | ssh8 ssh ssh ssh ssh4 | ssh2 ssh8 ssh | ssh4 ssh ssh |
                 ssh4 ssh8 ssh ssh ssh | ssh4 r ssh8 ssh | ssh8 ssh ssh2 | ssh2.}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 3/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 8 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y" s8^"3" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh | ssh8 ssh ssh ssh ssh4 | ssh4 r ssh8 ssh | R2. |
                 ssh4 ssh8 ssh r4 | ssh8 ssh ssh ssh ssh ssh | r2 ssh8 ssh | ssh2.}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 3/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 8 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y" s8^"3" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh4 ssh ssh8 ssh | ssh4 ssh8 ssh r4 | ssh8 ssh ssh ssh r4 | ssh8 ssh ssh2 |
                 ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh | ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh4 ssh8 ssh ssh ssh | ssh4 ssh8 ssh ssh4}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 4/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 7 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y" s8^"3" s^"y" s8^"4" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh4 ssh ssh8 ssh ssh4 | ssh8 ssh ssh ssh ssh4 r | ssh4 ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh8 ssh |
                 ssh2 ssh8 ssh ssh ssh | ssh4 r ssh8 ssh ssh ssh | r2 ssh8 ssh ssh4 |
                 ssh1}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 4/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 7 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y" s8^"3" s^"y" s8^"4" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh8 ssh ssh4 | ssh8 ssh ssh ssh r2 | ssh4 r ssh ssh8 ssh |
                 ssh2 ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh4 ssh8 ssh ssh2 | ssh4 ssh8 ssh r4 ssh8 ssh |
                 ssh1}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 4/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 7 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y" s8^"3" s^"y" s8^"4" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh8 ssh ssh ssh ssh2 | ssh2. ssh8 ssh | ssh8 ssh ssh4 r2 |
                 ssh4 ssh8 ssh ssh ssh ssh4 | ssh2 ssh8 ssh r4 | ssh2 ssh8 ssh ssh ssh |
                 ssh1}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}

El silencio de corchea[editar]

La corchea, al igual que todas las figuras que hemos explorado hasta el momento, está asociada a un silencio con un valor equivalente.

Nombre Silencio Figura equivalente Descripción
Silencio de Corchea Music-eighthrest.svg Music-eighthnote.svg Parecido a un número 7

Cuando percutimos una partitura con un silencio de corchea debemos separar las manos o dejar de emitir sonido por el período de tiempo que dure una corchea.

Ejercicios:

Percutir con las manos:

\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 2/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 10 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh2 | ssh8 ssh ssh ssh | ssh2 | ssh8 ssh r ssh | ssh2 |
                 ssh8 ssh ssh4 | ssh8 r ssh4 | ssh2}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 2/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 10 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh2 | ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh2 | ssh4 r8 ssh | ssh2 | R2 |
                 ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh4 r8 ssh | ssh2}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 2/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 10 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh8 ssh r ssh | ssh2 | ssh8 ssh r ssh | ssh2 | ssh8 ssh ssh4 | ssh8 r ssh4 | ssh8 ssh r ssh |
                 ssh8 r ssh4 | ssh4 ssh8 ssh | r8 ssh ssh4}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 3/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 8 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y" s8^"3" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh4 ssh8 ssh r ssh | ssh2. | ssh8 ssh ssh ssh ssh4 | r4 ssh8 ssh r ssh | ssh4 r ssh8 ssh | ssh4 ssh4 r8 ssh |
                 ssh4 ssh2 | ssh4 r8 ssh ssh4}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 3/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 8 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y" s8^"3" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh4 ssh ssh8 ssh | ssh4 ssh r8 ssh | ssh2. | ssh4 ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh4 r ssh8 ssh | ssh4 ssh4 r8 ssh |
                 ssh4 ssh8 ssh ssh4 | ssh2.}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 3/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 8 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y" s8^"3" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh4 ssh8 ssh ssh4 | ssh4 r8 ssh ssh4 | R2. | ssh4 ssh4 r8 ssh | ssh4 ssh ssh8 ssh | ssh4 r8 ssh ssh4 |
                 ssh8 ssh r ssh ssh ssh | ssh2.}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 4/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 7 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y" s8^"3" s^"y" s8^"4" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh4 r ssh8 ssh ssh4 | ssh4 r8 ssh ssh2 | ssh8 ssh ssh ssh r4 ssh | ssh4 r4 ssh8 ssh ssh4 |
                 r2 ssh8 ssh ssh4 | ssh4 r8 ssh ssh4 r8 ssh | ssh4 ssh ssh2}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 4/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 7 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y" s8^"3" s^"y" s8^"4" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh4 ssh4 ssh8 ssh r ssh | r4 ssh2. | ssh8 ssh r ssh ssh ssh r ssh | R1 |
                 ssh4 ssh4 r8 ssh ssh4 | ssh8 ssh ssh4 r8 ssh ssh4 | ssh8 ssh ssh4 r8 ssh ssh4}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 4/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 7 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y" s8^"3" s^"y" s8^"4" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh4 ssh4 r8 ssh ssh4 | ssh8 ssh r ssh ssh ssh r ssh | r4 ssh2. | ssh8 ssh ssh4 r8 ssh ssh4 |
                 ssh8 ssh ssh ssh ssh2 | r8 ssh r4 r8 ssh ssh4 | ssh1}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}

La negra con punto[editar]

La negra con punto equivale a sumar a una negra la mitad de su valor. Es decir, sumar una negra con una corchea.

\version "2.18.2"
\header {
  tagline = ##f
}

\markup {
  \note #"4." #1 " = " \note #"4" #1 " + " \note #"8" #1
}

Ejercicios:

Percutir con las manos:

\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 2/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 10 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh2 | ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh2 | ssh4 ~ ssh8 ssh | ssh2 | ssh4. ssh8 |
                 ssh2 | ssh4. ssh8 | ssh2}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 2/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 10 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh4 r8 ssh | ssh4 ssh | ssh8 ssh r4 | ssh4. ssh8 | r4 ssh8 r | ssh2 | ssh8 ssh r ssh |
                 ssh4. ssh8 | ssh4. ssh8 | ssh2}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 2/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 10 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh8 ssh ssh4 | ssh4. ssh8 | ssh4 r | ssh8 ssh~ ssh4 | ssh8 ssh r4 | ssh4. ssh8 |
                 ssh8 ssh ssh ssh | ssh8 r ssh4 | ssh8 ssh8~ ssh4 | ssh4 ssh}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 3/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 8 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y" s8^"3" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh4 ssh ssh8 ssh| ssh4 ssh4~ ssh8 ssh | ssh2 ssh8 ssh | ssh4. ssh8 ssh8 ssh |
                 ssh4 r4 r8 ssh | ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh | ssh8 ssh ssh4~ ssh8 ssh | ssh2.}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 3/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 8 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y" s8^"3" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh4. ssh8 ssh ssh| ssh ssh ssh ssh ssh4 | ssh2 ~ ssh8 ssh | R2. |
                 ssh4 r4 r8 ssh8 | ssh4. ssh8 r4 | ssh8 ssh8 ssh4 r | ssh2.}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 3/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 8 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y" s8^"3" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh4. ssh8 ssh4~ | ssh4. ssh8 r4 | ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh | ssh8 ssh ssh4~ ssh8 ssh |
                 r8 ssh8~ ssh4~ ssh8 ssh | r8 ssh r2 | ssh4 ssh4~ ssh8 ssh | ssh2.}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 4/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 7 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y" s8^"3" s^"y" s8^"4" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh4 ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh4. ssh8 ssh4 ssh | r4 ssh4 ssh4. ssh8 | ssh2 ssh4. ssh8 |
                 ssh8 ssh ssh ssh ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh4 r8 ssh ssh4 ssh | ssh1}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 4/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 7 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y" s8^"3" s^"y" s8^"4" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh4. ssh8 ssh4. ssh8 | r8 ssh8 ssh4 ssh4. ssh8~| ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh2 | R1 |
                 ssh4 ssh8 ssh~ ssh4. ssh8 | ssh8 ssh r ssh ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh1}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}
\new DrumStaff {
  \override TextScript #'staff-padding = #4
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'extra-offset = #'(0 . 2)
  \mark \markup \tiny { \right-align
                        \column {
                          \line {"Contar en voz"}
                          \line {"Alta:"}
                        }
  }
  \time 4/4
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  <<
    \repeat unfold 7 {\textLengthOn s8^"1" s^"y" s8^"2" s^"y" s8^"3" s^"y" s8^"4" s^"y"}
    \new DrumVoice {
      \stemUp
      \drummode {ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh8 ssh~ ssh4~ | ssh4. ssh8 ssh8 ssh8 ssh4 | r2 ssh4. ssh8 |
                 r8 ssh ssh4 ssh8 ssh ssh4~  | ssh8 ssh8 ssh4 ssh2~ | ssh8 ssh r ssh ssh4. ssh8  | ssh1}
      \bar "|."
    }
  >>
}

Ejercicios[editar]

Ejercio 1: Equivalencias

Completa las siguientes equivalencias con un silencio:

\version "2.18.2"
\header {
  tagline = ##f
}

\markup {
  \column {
    \line { \note #"8" #1 " = ____"  }
    \hspace #'.5
    \line { \note #"8" #1 " + " \rest #"8" " = ____"  }
    \hspace #'.5
    \line { \note #"4" #1 " + ____ = " \note #"4." #1  }
    \hspace #'.5
    \line { \note #"4." #1 " + ____ = " \rest #"2" }
    \hspace #'.5
    \line { \note #"2." #1 " + " \note #"8" #1 " + " \rest #"8" " = ____"  }
  }
}

Completa las siguientes equivalencias con una figura musical:

\version "2.18.2"
\header {
  tagline = ##f
}

\markup {
  \column {
    \line { \note #"8" #1 " + ____ = " \rest #"4" }
    \hspace #'.5
    \line { \rest #"8" " + ____  = " \rest #"2" }
    \hspace #'.5
    \line { \note #"2" #1 " + ____ + " \rest #"8" " = " \note #"2." #1  }
    \hspace #'.5
    \line { \note #"4." #1 " + ____ + " \note #"2" #1 " = " \rest #"1" }
    \hspace #'.5
    \line { "____ + " \rest #"8" " + " \note #"8" #1 " = " \note #"2." #1 }
  }
}

Ejercio 2: Completa los espacios marcados con una sola figura musical que ocupe lo que falta para rellenar el compás.

\version "2.18.2"
\header {
  tagline = ##f
}

\layout {
  \context {
    \Voice
    \consists "Horizontal_bracket_engraver"
  }
}

\relative c' {
  \time 2/4
  c8 d \hideNotes  d'8\startGroup d\stopGroup \unHideNotes |
  a4 f
  g4 r8 \hideNotes  g'16\startGroup g\stopGroup \unHideNotes |
  a4. \hideNotes a16\startGroup a\stopGroup |
  a4\startGroup a\stopGroup \unHideNotes  |
  r8 \hideNotes a16\startGroup a\stopGroup \unHideNotes f4 |
  \autoBeamOff \hideNotes f8\startGroup f f\stopGroup \unHideNotes b8 |
  c2
  \bar "|."
}
\version "2.18.2"
\header {
  tagline = ##f
}

\layout {
  \context {
    \Voice
    \consists "Horizontal_bracket_engraver"
  }
}

\relative c' {
  \time 3/4
  \autoBeamOff
  c4 \hideNotes  c8\startGroup c\stopGroup \unHideNotes d8[ e] |
  a4. \hideNotes  a16\startGroup a\stopGroup \unHideNotes g8[ f] |
  c'[ b] r8 \hideNotes  b'16\startGroup b\stopGroup \unHideNotes a4 |
  \hideNotes a8\startGroup a a\stopGroup \unHideNotes c8 e,4 |
  \hideNotes e16\startGroup e\stopGroup \unHideNotes g8 f2 |
  r8 \hideNotes c16\startGroup c\stopGroup \unHideNotes c8[ d] \hideNotes d8\startGroup d\stopGroup \unHideNotes  |
  c2.
  \bar "|."
}
\version "2.18.2"
\header {
  tagline = ##f
}

\layout {
  \context {
    \Voice
    \consists "Horizontal_bracket_engraver"
  }
}

\relative c' {
  \time 4/4
  \autoBeamOff
  f2 \hideNotes  f8\startGroup f\stopGroup \unHideNotes a4 |
  g4 \hideNotes  g16\startGroup g\stopGroup \unHideNotes r8 a8[ f]
  \hideNotes  f8\startGroup f\stopGroup \unHideNotes  |
  c'[ b] r8 \hideNotes  b16\startGroup b\stopGroup \unHideNotes a4 g4  |
  \hideNotes a8\startGroup a a\stopGroup \unHideNotes a8
  \hideNotes a8\startGroup a a\stopGroup \unHideNotes a8 |
  \hideNotes a4\startGroup a\stopGroup \unHideNotes g8[ f f g] |
  r4 \hideNotes g8\startGroup g\stopGroup \unHideNotes b4 a8[ g] |
  c1
  \bar "|."
}

Ejercio 3: Completa los espacios marcados con un solo silencio que ocupe lo que falta para rellenar el compás.

\version "2.18.2"
\header {
  tagline = ##f
}

\layout {
  \context {
    \Voice
    \consists "Horizontal_bracket_engraver"
  }
}

\relative c' {
  \time 2/4
  \autoBeamOff
  d8[ e] d \hideNotes d16\startGroup d\stopGroup \unHideNotes |
  c8 \hideNotes  c16\startGroup c\stopGroup \unHideNotes g'8[ e] |
  f4 \hideNotes  f16\startGroup f\stopGroup \unHideNotes a8 |
  b8 \hideNotes b16\startGroup b\stopGroup \unHideNotes r4 |
  \hideNotes  b8\startGroup b\stopGroup \unHideNotes e,[ d] |
  d \hideNotes d16\startGroup d\stopGroup \unHideNotes f4 |
  e4 \autoBeamOff \hideNotes e16\startGroup e\stopGroup \unHideNotes g8 |
  c,2
  \bar "|."
}
\version "2.18.2"
\header {
  tagline = ##f
}

\layout {
  \context {
    \Voice
    \consists "Horizontal_bracket_engraver"
  }
}

\relative c' {
  \time 3/4
  \autoBeamOff
  c4 \hideNotes  c16\startGroup c\stopGroup \unHideNotes d8 f[ e] |
  \hideNotes  a16\startGroup a\stopGroup \unHideNotes f8 g4 a8[ f] |
  c'[ b a] \hideNotes  b'16\startGroup b\stopGroup \unHideNotes a4 |
  b8 \hideNotes b16\startGroup a\stopGroup \unHideNotes c8[ g] e4 |
  \hideNotes e8\startGroup e\stopGroup \unHideNotes g8[ d b c] |
  \hideNotes c8\startGroup c c\stopGroup \unHideNotes c8 b4  |
  c2.
  \bar "|."
}
\version "2.18.2"
\header {
  tagline = ##f
}

\layout {
  \context {
    \Voice
    \consists "Horizontal_bracket_engraver"
  }
}

\relative c' {
  \time 4/4
  \autoBeamOff
  g'8[ f g a] \hideNotes  a4\startGroup a\stopGroup \unHideNotes |
  a4 \hideNotes  a8\startGroup a\stopGroup \unHideNotes f4 g8[ b]|
  b4. \hideNotes  b16\startGroup b\stopGroup \unHideNotes d2 |
  e4 \hideNotes  e16\startGroup e\stopGroup \unHideNotes c8 b[ c] b[ c] |
  a4 r4 \hideNotes a16\startGroup a\stopGroup \unHideNotes b8 g4 |
  a8 \hideNotes a16\startGroup a\stopGroup \unHideNotes
  a8 \hideNotes a16\startGroup a\stopGroup \unHideNotes g4 e |
  g8[ a b g] \hideNotes g8\startGroup g g\stopGroup \unHideNotes e8  |
  g4 \hideNotes g16\startGroup g\stopGroup \unHideNotes a8 g4 a8[ b] |
  c1
  \bar "|."
}