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Teoría musical/Solfeo/Nivel 1

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← Primeros pasos en el solfeo Solfeo rítmico Solfeo melódico →
Teoría musical/Introducción a la notación y el solfeo


Ejercicios para percutir con las manos[editar]

\new DrumStaff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"1"}
} \drummode {
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  \time 2/4
  \stemUp
  ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh2 | ssh4 ssh | ssh8 ssh ssh4 | ssh2 | ssh8 ssh ssh ssh | ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh4 ssh | ssh8 ssh ssh4 | ssh2
  \bar "|."
}
\new DrumStaff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"2"}
} \drummode {
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  \time 2/4
  \stemUp
  \partial 4 ssh8 ssh | ssh4 r | ssh8 ssh ssh ssh | r4 ssh8 ssh | ssh2 | ssh8 ssh r4 |
  ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh4. ssh8 | ssh8 ssh ssh ssh | ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh4
  \bar "|."
}
\new DrumStaff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"3"}
} \drummode {
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  \time 2/4
  \stemUp
  ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh4 ssh16 ssh ssh ssh| ssh8 ssh ssh4  | R2 | ssh8 ssh r4 | ssh4. ssh8 | ssh16 ssh ssh ssh r4 | ssh4 r8 ssh | ssh8 ssh r ssh | ssh2
  \bar "|."
}
\new DrumStaff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"4"}
} \drummode {
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  \time 2/4
  \stemUp
  \partial 4 ssh4 | ssh16 ssh ssh ssh r4| ssh4. ssh8  | r8 ssh ssh16 ssh ssh ssh | ssh2 | ssh4 ssh8 ssh | r4. ssh8 |
  ssh4 ssh4~ | ssh8 ssh ssh4 | r4 ssh16 ssh ssh ssh | ssh4
  \bar "|."
}
\new DrumStaff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"5"}
} \drummode {
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  \time 2/4
  \stemUp
  \partial 8 ssh8 | ssh4. ssh8 | ssh16 ssh ssh ssh ssh8 ssh | ssh16 ssh ssh ssh ssh4 | r4. ssh8 | ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh8 ssh r ssh |
  ssh4 ssh16 ssh ssh ssh | ssh4. ssh8 | ssh8 ssh ssh4 | ssh4.
  \bar "|."
}
\new DrumStaff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"6"}
} \drummode {
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  \time 3/4
  \stemUp
  \partial 4 ssh8 ssh | ssh4 r ssh8 ssh | ssh4 ssh2 | R2. | ssh4 ssh4 ssh8 ssh | r2 ssh8 ssh | ssh4 ssh8 ssh ssh16 ssh ssh ssh |
  r4 ssh4 ssh8 ssh | r4 ssh16 ssh ssh ssh ssh4 | ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh16 ssh ssh ssh | ssh2
  \bar "|."
}
\new DrumStaff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"7"}
} \drummode {
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  \time 3/4
  \stemUp
  ssh4. ssh8 ssh16 ssh ssh ssh | ssh8 ssh ssh2 | ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh | r8 ssh ssh4 ssh16 ssh ssh ssh | r8 ssh ssh2 | ssh4 ssh ssh8 ssh |
  ssh16 ssh ssh ssh r4 ssh | ssh8 ssh r2 | ssh16 ssh ssh ssh ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh8 ssh ssh2
  \bar "|."
}
\new DrumStaff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"8"}
} \drummode {
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  \time 3/4
  \stemUp
  ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh | ssh8 ssh ssh16 ssh ssh ssh ssh4 | ssh4. ssh8 r ssh | ssh16 ssh ssh ssh r2 | ssh8 ssh ssh4. ssh8~ | ssh8 ssh r4 ssh |
  ssh16 ssh ssh ssh r8 ssh ssh4 | ssh8 ssh ssh4. ssh8 | ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh | ssh8 ssh ssh2
  \bar "|."
}
\new DrumStaff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"9"}
} \drummode {
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  \time 3/4
  \stemUp
  \partial 8 ssh8 | ssh4 ssh8 ssh ssh ssh | ssh16 ssh ssh ssh ssh4. ssh8 | ssh4 ssh2 | ssh4 ssh8 ssh ssh16 ssh ssh ssh | r4. ssh8 ssh ssh |
  ssh16 ssh ssh ssh r8 ssh ssh4~ | ssh8 ssh r4 ssh4 | ssh8 ssh ssh16 ssh ssh ssh ssh8 ssh | ssh4 ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh2 r8
  \bar "|."
}
\new DrumStaff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"10"}
} \drummode {
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  \time 3/4
  \stemUp
  ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh16 ssh ssh ssh | ssh4. ssh8 ssh16 ssh ssh ssh | ssh2 ssh8 ssh | R2. | ssh4 ssh8 ssh r8 ssh~ |
  ssh4 ssh16 ssh ssh ssh ssh4 | ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh | ssh8 ssh ssh4. ssh8 | ssh16 ssh ssh ssh ssh8 ssh ssh16 ssh ssh ssh | ssh2.
  \bar "|."
}
\new DrumStaff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"11"}
} \drummode {
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  \time 4/4
  \stemUp
  ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh16 ssh ssh ssh ssh4 | ssh2. ssh8 ssh | ssh16 ssh ssh ssh r4 ssh8 ssh ssh ssh |
  ssh4 ssh4~ ssh8 ssh8 ssh4 | ssh4. ssh8 ssh16 ssh ssh ssh ssh8 ssh | ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh16 ssh ssh ssh ssh4 |
  \repeat unfold 8 {ssh16} ssh8 ssh ssh4 | r4 ssh4 ssh8 ssh ssh4 | ssh2 ssh16 ssh ssh ssh ssh8 ssh | ssh1
  \bar "|."
}
\new DrumStaff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"12"}
} \drummode {
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  \time 4/4
  \stemUp
  ssh8 ssh ssh16 ssh ssh ssh ssh4 ssh4 | ssh4. ssh8 ssh ssh ssh16 ssh ssh ssh | ssh4. ssh8 ssh4 ssh8 ssh |
  ssh4. ssh8 r ssh ssh16 ssh ssh ssh | ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh16 ssh ssh ssh ssh8 ssh  | ssh2 ssh8 ssh ssh4 |
  R1 | ssh4. ssh8 ssh ssh ssh4 | ssh16 ssh ssh ssh r8 ssh ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh1
  \bar "|."
}
\new DrumStaff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"13"}
} \drummode {
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  \time 4/4
  \stemUp
  \partial 8 ssh8 | ssh16 ssh ssh ssh ssh4 ssh ssh8 ssh | ssh4 ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh16 ssh ssh ssh |
  ssh4. ssh8~ ssh ssh ssh16 ssh ssh ssh | r8 ssh ssh4 ssh2 | ssh4 ssh8 ssh r2 |
  ssh16 ssh ssh ssh ssh4 ssh8 ssh ssh ssh | r4. ssh8 ssh4. ssh8 | ssh4 r ssh8 ssh ssh4 |
  ssh8 ssh ssh16 ssh ssh ssh ssh4. ssh8 | ssh4 ssh8 ssh ssh4 r8
  \bar "|."
}
\new DrumStaff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"14"}
} \drummode {
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  \time 4/4
  \stemUp
  \partial 4 ssh8 ssh | ssh4 ssh8 ssh ssh2 | ssh16 ssh ssh ssh ssh8 ssh ssh4. ssh8 |
   \repeat unfold 8 {ssh16} r8 ssh ssh4~ | ssh8 ssh ssh16 ssh ssh ssh ssh2 | r4. ssh8 ssh4 ssh8 ssh |
   ssh8 ssh r ssh ssh4. ssh8 | ssh16 ssh ssh ssh ssh8 ssh ssh4 ssh8 ssh | ssh4. ssh8 r ssh ssh4 |
   ssh4. ssh8 r ssh ssh16 ssh ssh ssh | ssh2.
  \bar "|."
}
\new DrumStaff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"15"}
} \drummode {
  \override Staff.StaffSymbol #'line-count = #1
  \override Score.MetronomeMark #'stencil = ##f
  \tempo 4 = 60
  \time 4/4
  \stemUp
  \partial 8 ssh16 ssh | r8 ssh ssh16 ssh ssh ssh ssh4. ssh8 | ssh8 ssh r4 ssh4. ssh8 |
  ssh4 ssh ssh8 ssh ssh4 | \repeat unfold 8 {ssh16} r8 ssh ssh4 | R1 |
  ssh16 ssh ssh ssh r4 ssh8 ssh ssh4 | ssh8 ssh ssh4 r4. ssh8 | ssh16 ssh ssh ssh r4 ssh8 ssh ssh4 |
  ssh8 ssh ssh4~ ssh8 ssh ssh16 ssh ssh ssh | ssh2..
  \bar "|."
}

Solfeo sin entonación[editar]

En este primer conjunto de ejercicios veremos las siguientes figuras:

  • Redonda y Silencio de Redonda
  • Blanca y Silencio de Blanca
  • Blanca con punto
  • Negra y Silencio de Negra
  • Corcheas (con notas sucesivas)
\new Staff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"1"}
} \relative c' {
  \time 2/4
  c4 d | e2 | c4 d | e2 | e4 d | c2 | c4 d | e2 | e4 d | c2
  \bar "|."
}
\new Staff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"2"}
} \relative c' {
  \clef bass
  \time 2/4
  c4 b | a2  | c4 b | a2 | a4 b | c2 | c4 b | a2 | a4 b | c2
  \bar "|."
}
\new Staff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"3"}
} \relative c' {
  \time 2/4
  \partial 4 c4 | d e | e f | g2 | g4 f | e d | c2 | c4 e | g2 | f4 d | c4
  \bar "|."
}
\new Staff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"4"}
} \relative c' {
  \clef bass
  \time 2/4
  \partial 4 c4 | b a | a g | f2 | f4 g | a b | c2 | c4 a | f2 | g4 b | c4
  \bar "|."
}
\new Staff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"5"}
} \relative c' {
  \time 2/4
  c4 f | e2 | g4 d | e g | f c | d2 | g4 f | d2 | g4 e | c2
  \bar "|."
}
\new Staff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"6"}
} \relative c' {
  \clef bass
  \time 2/4
  c4 a | b2 | f4 g | b g | c f, | a2 | g4 b | f2 | a4 g | c2
  \bar "|."
}
\new Staff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"7"}
} \relative c' {
  \time 2/4
  \partial 4 c4 | e g | a2 | a4 b | c d | e2 | f4 e | d2 | f,4 g | a b | c
  \bar "|."
}
\new Staff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"8"}
} \relative c' {
  \clef bass
  \time 2/4
  \partial 4 c4 | a f | e2 | e4 d | c b | a2 | g4 a | b2 | g'4 f | e d | c
  \bar "|."
}
\new Staff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"9"}
} \relative c' {
  \time 2/4
  c4 d | c'2 | r4 e | d f | g,2 | b4 r | a2 | c,4 e | r g | f2
  \bar "|."
}
\new Staff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"10"}
} \relative c' {
  \clef bass
  \time 2/4
  c4 b, | d2 | r4 c | e g, | f'2 | a4 r | c2 | b4 g | r f | a,2
  \bar "|."
}
\new Staff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"11"}
} \relative c' {
  \time 3/4
  c4 d8 e f4 | c2 e4 | g4 f8 e d4 | c e g | c,2.  | c4 d8 e d4 | d e8 f g4 | g f8 e d4 | f e8 d c4 | c2.
  \bar "|."
}
\new Staff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"12"}
} \relative c' {
  \clef bass
  \time 3/4
  c4 b8 a g4 | c2 a4 | f4 g8 a b4 | c a f | c'2.  | c4 b8 a g4 | b a8 g f4 | f g8 a b4 | g a8 b c4 | c2.
  \bar "|."
}
\new Staff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"13"}
} \relative c' {
  \time 3/4
  c4 c8 d e f | g2 e4 | g4 r g | f8 e d c e4  | c2. | g'8 f e d c4 | e4 r2 | e8 d c d e f | g4 e f | c2.
  \bar "|."
}
\new Staff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"14"}
} \relative c' {
  \clef bass
  \time 3/4
  c4 c8 b a g | f2 a4 | f4 r f | g8 a b c a4  | c2. | f,8 g a b c4 | a4 r2 | a8 b c b a g | f4 a g | c2.
  \bar "|."
}
\new Staff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"15"}
} \relative c' {
  \time 3/4
  \partial 8 c8 | d4 e8 d g4 | f r e | g4 d8 c f4 | g4 e8 f d4  | f2. | d8 e c4 r | g'2 e4 | f8 g d4 r | c f8 e g4 | c,2 r8
  \bar "|."
}
\new Staff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"16"}
} \relative c' {
  \clef bass
  \time 3/4
  \partial 8 c8 | b4 a8 g b4 | f r a | b4 f8 g a4 | c4 b8 a f4  | g2. | b8 a g4 r | f2 c'4 | a8 b g4 r | f a8 b g4 | c2 r8
  \bar "|."
}
\new Staff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"17"}
} \relative c' {
  \time 3/4
  c4 d8 e f g | f4 g8 a b c | b4 c8 d e f | c4 g2  | f4 r b8 c | d e f e d c | g4 r d' | a4 b8 c d4 | a g8 f e d | c2.
  \bar "|."
}
\new Staff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"18"}
} \relative c' {
  \clef bass
  \time 3/4
  c4 b8 a g f | g4 f8 e d c | d4 c8 b a g | c4 f2  | g4 r d8 c | b a g a b c | f4 r b, | e4 d8 c b4 | e f8 g a b | c2.
  \bar "|."
}
\new Staff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"19"}
} \relative c' {
  \time 3/4
  \partial 4 a''8 g | c,4 g'8 f e d | r4 f,8 g a g | e4 b' c, | d'8 e d c b a  | a'4 g, e' | a,8 b c d a'4 | f,8 g f e d c | e4 f' b, | a'8 g r4 f8 e | c2
  \bar "|."
}
\new Staff \with {
  instrumentName = \markup \huge {"20"}
} \relative c' {
  \clef bass
  \time 3/4
  \partial 4 e,,8 f | c'4 f,8 g a b | r4 g'8 f e f | a4 d, c' | b,8 a b c d e | e,4 f' a, | e'8 d c b e,4 | g'8 f g a b c | a4 g, d' | e,8 f r4 g8 a | c2
  \bar "|."
}

Solfeo sin entonación en llave de do[editar]

Solfeo Melódico[editar]

Canciones[editar]