Inglés/Presente perfecto progresivo

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present perfect progresive[editar]

If the verb consists of only one syllable and the last three letters are: consonant plus vowel plus consonant, we will double the last consonant and then add "-ing". Eg:

I plan my weekend ahead. (Planeo el fin de semana que viene)

I have been planning my weekend ahead. (He estado planeando el fin de semana que viene)

For the negative form we use "not" after the verb "to have". Eg:

I have not (haven't) been baking a cake but I have been baking a pie. (No he estado haciendo un pastel sino una empanada)

She has not (hasn't) been watching television. (Ella no ha estado viendo la televisión)

For the interrogative form we place the verb "to have" in front of the person. Eg:

Have you been playing tennis? (¿Has estado jugando al tennis?)

Has she been listening to the radio? (¿Ha estado (ella) escuchando la radio?)



SOME GENERAL USES




We use the present perfect continuous to talk about unfinished actions that started in the past and are continuing now. Eg:

I have been baking this cake. (He estado haciendo este pastel)

The present perfect continuous is also used to express actions that are not finished and were progressive in the past. Eg:

She has been painting a picture the whole day. (Ella ha estado pintando un cuadro todo el día)

Here, she started to paint the picture and she has been painting for a period of time during the day, but in the moment of speaking she has not finished painting the picture.


We can measure the duration of the progressive action with "how long?" and with "for/since". Eg:

I have been studying English for five years. (He estado estudiando inglés durante cinco años)

How long have you been studying the present perfect continuous? (¿Cuánto tiempo has estado estudiando el presente perfecto continuo?)

We sometimes use the present perfect continuous to express a continuous action in the past that has recently finished. Eg:

I've been playing football. (He estado jugando al fútbol)

This example means that "I" have just finished an action that was continuous in the past.


The present perfect continuous can also be used to express something the speaker has been meaning to do for a while, an intention or thought. Eg:

She has been trying to get hold of you for hours. (Ella ha estado intentando ponerse en contacto contigo durante horas)

We have been thinking of phoning them. (Hemos estado pensando en llamarlos)



Lets us conjugate a verb as an example. We are going to take the verb "to study".




 Positive
Negative
Question

I have been studying haven't been studying have I been studying? You have been studying haven't been studying have I been studying? He has been studying hasn't been studying has he been studying? She has been studying hasn't been studying has she been studying? It has been studying hasn't been studying has it been studying? We have been studying haven't been studying have we been studying? You (all) have been studying haven't been studying have you been studying? They have been studying haven't been studying have they been studying?



Learn English Verbs Practice.

If you haven't already done so, download our English Verb Conjugator and practice what you have learnt here with the 10 suggested verbs below. Let's see how many correct answers you get.

mark move note ski suit taste eat flee inlay



To form the present perfect simple tense we need the present simple tense of the verb "to have" and the past participle of another verb. To form the past participle of the regular verbs we add "-ed" to the verb. Eg:

I have studied the present perfect simple. (He estudiado el presente perfecto)

Some verbs have spelling changes when adding "-ed". Eg: If the verb ends in "-e", we only add "-d" to form the past participle.

They live in a big house. (Viven en una casa grande)

They have lived in a big house. (Han vivido en una casa grande)



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